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What Are Hormones

An Overview

Welcome to the incredible and complex world of hormones. Our objective in providing this information is to enhance your knowledge and appreciation for the medical science involved in managing our glandular systems, the hormones they produce and the profound influence these hormones have on our life, longevity and well being. Please use this site as a reference. We do not expect anyone to immerse themselves into this very specialized field of study. What is important is to know that at Midwest Health & Wellness this is our specialty, our chosen field of medicine, it is our life and we are blessed to be able to share it with you.

The World of Hormones…

There are so many hormones we still do not know them all! They come from glands that are located in our head, our neck, our abdomen, and even between our legs. Many of these (glands) are major contributors to our health and our longevity. They enhance our way of being. They secrete chemical messengers called hormones. To understand hormones we must understand the glands that secrete them. To do this we will be using both narrative and links to other educational web sites. We know we run the risk of losing you from our web site by referencing other links, but at, we want you to be informed and knowledgeable. So, let’s begin.


Hypothalamus and Pituitary Gland-Releasing Hormones

The endocrine system consists of a brain area called the hypothalamus which will secrete or stimulate the release of hormones from the pituitary gland as well as the suppression of other hormones. The pituitary gland is the master gland that stimulates the thyroid, the adrenals, as well as the ovaries and testes to secrete their hormones.

As the pituitary gland stimulates the secretion of messengers or other hormones to stimulate these glands, you begin to understand it is a highway of information that must go from the head, all the way through the body. These glands outside the head, from within the body, must carry out their functions expertly if we are to have good health.

Read more about the Pituitary Gland from the University of Cincinatti Clermont College and from Human Anatomy Online


Adrenal Glands – Cortisol

The adrenal gland is considered the enforcer. That is the stress gland. The adrenal gland secretes cortisol which can affect our metabolism. Metabolism means how you process sugar. It not only handles sugar, but the immune system. It may also secrete male hormones, hormones that affect blood pressure, as well as sodium/potassium balance. As you can see, this gland has many functions and works very intimately with all the other glands.

Read more about the Adrenal Gland and the Endocrine System from Estrella Mountain Community College in Avondale, AZ


Thyroid Gland – Thyroid

The thyroid is a butterfly shaped gland located in the neck area. It secretes two hormones vital to our lives: T3 the active hormone and T4 the pre-hormone. Thyroid gland handles the way the body manages our food to supply fuel or energy to the body. It is probably the most common of the glands to become diseased. Low thyroid or high thyroid.

Read more about the Thyroid from Wikipedia


Ovaries & Adrenal – Estrogen

Female healthcare in America is way behind that of our European counterparts. Unfortunately, menopause, its transition, or the lack of female hormones has been the brunt of many comedians’ jokes. Unfortunately, in our society we’ve almost considered it just matter of fact that women will enter a transition when they will become cranky, irritable, bloated, fat, obtain jowls, and have everything fall down. Midwest Health & Wellness for Longevity and Life Enhancement more than understands this dilemma and wants to stop the cascade of ignorance that has occurred by bringing the standard of female hormone management to a standard of care that is secondary to none.


Ovaries & Adrenal – Progesterone

Symptoms derived directly as a result of a lack of estrogen or progesterone can be devastating to many females. The definitions of pre-menopause, peri-menopause, menopause, post-menopause are not often delineated by their physicians. Today if a woman cannot avail herself of the services provided by Midwest Health & Wellness, there are very good books that can help her obtain the knowledge necessary to understand her symptoms and help her through these difficult periods in her life.


Gonads – Testosterone

Testosterone is a male hormone that does not get its real recognition because popular erectile dysfunction medication has taken its place. Pharmaceutical product marketing has undermined the public’s awareness of how vital a hormone testosterone is to the longevity and quality of life males may lead. Adam Syndrome or andropause is addressed seriously at Midwest Health & Wellness. It is well known that heart disease, as well as general immune depression, is related directly to decreased levels of the hormone testosterone as men age. Nitric oxide enhancing pharmaceutical products only address the symptomatic issue of erectile function – not the life enhancing benefits of testosterone restoration.


Adrenal Glands – DHEA/Cortisol

Dihydroepiandosterone sulphate is a hormone secreted by the adrenal gland. Almost fifty percent of what the adrenal gland makes for the first ten or so years of our lives is DHEA-S. This hormone is an enigma. It comprises another way to the sex hormone cascade. It has been lauded as a super hormone with powers of healing autoimmune diseases. Very little is actually known about this adrenal hormone. It is thought to balance cortisol, the stress hormone the adrenal gland also makes in abundance. It may not be vital, but is certainly useful in males and females. It is thought to be more masculizing than feminizing. It can go either way.

Read more about DHEA from Creighton University


Brain – Neurotransmitters

Neurotransmitters are very important because of their relationship to the function of the pituitary gland and the rest of the body. The area of the brain that is responsible for serotonin because depression is so prevalent and can be a factor in other endocrine conditions. Thyroid disorders can be present with depression. The change of life, andropause, or menopause can be present with depression. Serotonin deficiency is thought to occur in 70% of the women and men from age 40 onward because of the beginning decline of these vital hormonal messengers. The neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine are involved in Parkinson’s disease and areas of the brain that are affected in Alzheimer’s. All of these conditions begin to occur almost in conjunction with the waning of our chemical messengers.


Pancreas – Insulin

Insulin is the hormone secreted by a gland called the pancreas. It is vital since without insulin, sugar cannot be supplied to our body for energy. This condition of insulin lack is called diabetes. Insulin can cause inflammation because of the sugar that is allowed to remain in the body. The liver eventually stores the excess sugar as cholesterol and triglycerides. These fats then clog our arteries and contribute to stroke or heart attack.

High sugars cause us to age, gain weight and eventually, if insulin is not around, we die. It is absolutely a vital hormone. If we control insulin by watching our consumption of sugars and starches, we can help control how we age